Turkey in recent years, the standard vacation in Turkey on the system is all inclusive, has already fed up to many domestic tourists. I want to leave the hotel, knead my legs and see really interesting and exciting. One of the striking examples may be the area of Cappadocia, in which the underground cities of antiquities are still perfectly preserved in good condition. As scientists proved, at that time local people cut down in the cliffs of the cave with the help of strong obsidian axes. And when in the recent past, or rather – in 1963, local archaeologists discovered two cave cities at once – Kaymakok and Dirinki, then the interest of curious tourists from all over the world became inexhaustible.
If you look at the whole adjacent area, then the landscape can rightly be called moon. And all this underground kingdom is in Turkey. And more precisely, then all underground cities are concentrated in one area – in the Valley with Geremy, which in the field of Cappadocia. It was here that unusual towers from the volcanic basalt formed, which later winds with rains and gave a variety of bizarre forms.
Local residents, starting from the 6th century AD, began to whip the caves in the surrounding area. They began to be used for both Christian temples and actually for dwellings.
But the next sensation appeared relatively recently, when local archaeologists discovered underground cities of giant scale, which are near the local village of Dirinki. Entrance to underground labyrinths can be found under nearby houses. But if you look closely, then in the surrounding area you can find small ventilation holes that go far down. The whole dungeon is connected by numerous tunnels and mines, which combine all the main rooms. If you go down the steps and enter the first room that falls nearby, you can get into a giant size of the hall, the area of which occupies more than 4 kV/km. It is worth noting that the ancient residents did not limit themselves to one level. There are many floors, each of which performs its function. One room is designed to store food, another for religious services, while the third is adapted for housing. On the fifth floor of the complex there is a unique room known for its impressive volume. More than 10,000 people will be able to fit in it, while all 300,000 people can easily live in the entire underground complex.
Dirinki underground labyrinths have 52 ventilation mines and more than 15,000 inputs in their design. If you notice that the main ventilation shaft has a depth of 85 meters, then it becomes clear about the unique scale of construction. But all these floors serve for household needs and housing, while the lower floors were mainly used to store drinking water, into which the water entered the same time during the rains.
Some scientists still cannot come to a consensus – why the ancients created them? Why do you need to have as many as 36 underground cities?
There are various hypotheses on this score, but the most reliable looks that it explains that in the district local mountains they were looking for a reliable salvation of the first Christians who were saved from imperial oppression of Rome in the 2nd or 3rd century of our era.
But some local archaeologists claim the opposite.
They emphasize their arguments by the fact that in the first centuries of our era, these grandiose underground structures already existed. And when there are things and household items belonging to the older Hittite era, their words make us seriously think.
But be that as it may, it will still be extremely interesting for a curious tourist to see and evaluate all these ancient structures that will definitely leave anyone indifferent.